Do You Know What Are The Fundamental of Shading Techniques

Hello friends, today i teach basic shading techniques. If light is reflected from an object and hits our retina, then things are apparent.

Did you know that the light creates shadows in various parts of an object, and this makes objects appear as 3D.

Shading drawing is the process of adding value to create the illusion of form, space, and most importantly light in a drawing . It is part that makes a drawing go from a flat contour drawing to a 3 – dimensional.

Each shading technique produces a different texture and feel to the drawing.

Hatching shading techniques

hatching shading technique

A row or column of lines all facing in same direction. Hatching is an artistic technique used to create tonal or shading effects by drawing.

The lines are after straight but can also be curved Hatching work well with pen and in or with pencil. This is the most basic shading technique. Its requiers a steady hand and practice.

Cross Hatching shading techniques

cross hatching
cross hatching

Crosshatching is the drawing of two layers of hatching at right-angles and also consists of overlapping lines coming form multiple directions.

This method is one of the quickest and most effective ways to vary the density and darken the values in hatching.

Shading Technique Stippling


The stippling is the process of using dots and very small dashes to create a drawing.

You can create dark tones just by increasing the amount of dots in one area, alternately, you create lighter tones by spreading them out.

The dots are made of pigment of a single color, applied with a pen or pencil.

Scumbling shading techniques


It is a painting technique in which a layer of broken, speckled or scratchy color is added over another color so that bits of the lower layers of color show through the scumbling.

Scumbling usually refers to the application of a fine layer of paint with a very dry brush.

Contour Hatching

contour hatching
contour hatching

It follows the contour or curve or outline of object.

Contour lines can be done in many different ways but basically the idea it to have the lines follow the shape of what you are drawing

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